Learn Spanish Online with Your Native Speaking Spanish Tutor – Learning Spanish Verbs: “to throw”
In this blog, we will focus on the verb “to throw”. In Spanish we use different verbs to say “to throw” depending on how and what you are throwing. Let’s examine when to use which verb.
Which Spanish verb would you use in the following situations?
- When you throw a ball (sports)
– Juan puede tirar la pelota más lejos que yo.
(Juan can throw a ball farther than I can.)
- When you throw a stone
tirar, echar, lanzar
– Los niños están tirando / echando piedras en el río todo el día.
(The children are throwing stones in the river all day.)
- When you throw garbage away
– No tire / No eche la basura en el bosque.
(Do not throw trash in the woods.)
- When a blast throws someone across the room:
– La explosión lanzó / arrojó a Anna a otro lado de la habitación.
(The explosion threw Anna to the other side of the room.)
You have learned 4 Spanish verbs for the English verb “to throw” today. Let’s review them!
(1) tirar: to throw – tirar can be used in sports such as “throw a baseball”.
(2) echar: to throw – echar can’t be used in sports, but any other situation “to throw something”.
(3) lanzar: to throw – lanzar is used in the situation that you throw something with force.
(4) arrojar: to throw – arrojar is also used in the situation that you throw something with force.
Let’s learn more about the Spanish verb “echar”.
I want to now talk about the Spanish verb “echar”. “Echar” is one of many interesting Spanish verbs. It has many different meanings and is used to describe things in very different situations. It is also used in many special expressions as well. Therefore, it is sometimes difficult to translate some sentences with the verb “echar” into English. Here we review some, but not all, of its usages to start learning the Spanish verb “echar”.
(1) to throw / put something into / from
When I use the Spanish verb “echar”, I have an image of “throwing” an object into something.
– ¿Te echo mantequilla en el pan?
(Shall I put some butter on your bread? – throwing butter to the bread)
– Tengo que echar gasolina.
(I need to fill up with gas. – throwing gas into the car)
– Echo un poco de vino en un vaso.
(I pour some wine into a glass. – throwing wine into a glass)
– Echame agua.
(Pour me some water. – throwing water into a glass)
– No me eches tanto.
(Don’t give me so much.)
– Echo de comer a mi perro en la tarde.
(I feed my dog in the afternoon. – throwing food at my dog)
– La chimenea echa humo.
(Smoke is coming out of the chimney. – throwing smoke out of chimney)
– Han echado a José del colegio.
(Jose has been expelled from school. – the school was throwing Jose out)
– Echaron un programa sobre Einstein.
(There was a program about Einstein. – TV channel was throwing a program at you)
(2) to tilt / to move toward
– Julia echó la cabeza a un lado cuando trató de recordarse de ese momento.
(Julia tilted her head when she tried to remember that moment.)
– No eches el cuerpo hacia atrás cuando estás comiendo.
(Don’t lean back when you are eating.)
– Échate un poco para la izquierda, por favor.
(Move a bit to the left, please.)
(3) with sudden movement
echar a correr (to break into a run)
– Mi hermanito echó a correr en la calle.
(My little brother broke into a run in the street.)
echar a reír (to burst out laughing)
– Juan echó a reír cuando Ana le contó la historia.
(Juan burst out laughing when Ana told him the story.)
(4) Other expressions: You need to simply memorize these usages because they don’t make sense literally.
echar llave (to lock the door)
– Mi papá echa llave cada noche.
(My dad locks the door very night.)
echarse (to lie down)
– Mi perro se echa siempre en la cama con nosotros.
(My dog always lies down on the bed with us.)
echar de menos a alguien (to miss someone)
– Echamos de menos a Tio Pepe. Él vive en España.
(We miss Uncle Pepe. He lives in Spain.)
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Our next “Learn Spanish Online – Verbs” series will be about the verb “to turn on and turn off”. Stay tuned!