In Guatemala Folklore music uses many traditional instruments such as:
Also known as the rattle (maracas like instrument). It is the shell of fruits from “Morro” trees.
- Huehuetl – the sound of Huehuetl: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22xKZaxV5HU
This is a kind of drum built from a hollowed tree trunk. It has grooves at the bottom of the instrument. The top part used to be covered with skin, usually tiger skin and had figures. It was used by various indigenous tribes in Guatemala such as the Quiches and alluded to tales of destiny and rituals, or had figures of human, zoomorphic or geometric legends. It was in various dimensions and was used by various Guatemalan indigenous tribes including the Quiches.
- The Tun
This was the most important instrument of the indigenous people, and was used to serve for rituals and wars. It consists of a wooden hollow cylinder. In its upper wall it has grooves that give rise to tabs, which are struck and played like a marimba.
- The Tzicolaj – the sound of Tzicolaj: https://soundcloud.com/mariomarch10/toque-de-tzicolaj-y-tambor
After Tun, Tzicolaj is the second most important musical instrument for our indigenous people. It is used for liturgical (religious) practices and the only one that can convey the sound of the sacred music, preserving it with great respect and devotion. Technically it is a kind of piccolo built strictly with reed, with a straight mouthpiece, with three or four holes of intonation. Its tone is sweet and pleasant, with moderate intensity. It is the sharpest sounding instrument in the Quiche organography, surpassing the sharpness of sounds of some examples of the European piccolo.
- The Tzu
For our intermediate and advance level students, it will be a great practice for you to translate this in Spanish. The Spanish translation will be posted within a week.